Gaumukh is a place that is located in the state of Uttarakhand in the Uttarkashi district and the place is the location where the Gangotri Glacier ends. The place is situated at a height of 13,200 ft. It is one of the largest in the Himalayas with an estimated volume of over 27 cubic kilometers.
Around the Gaumukh glacier are the peaks of the Gangotri Group, including several peaks notable for extremely challenging climbing routes, such as Shivling, Thalay Sagar, Meru, and Bhagirathi. It flows roughly northwest, originating in a cirque below Chaukhamba, the highest peak of the group.
There are a few places where one can trek in the area. There are many rock-filled hill sides that are ideal for mountain climbing as well. One can see many prayer flags near the river bed.
Gomukh is place in Gangotri glacier where the Bhagirathi river originates. Bhagirathi River is also famous as River Ganges. The official river Ganges starts at Devprayag when Bhagirathi river merged with river Alaknanda. The Gaumukh is located at at the height of 13,200 fts. Gomukh means “Mouth of a Cow”. Gomukh is 18 kms far from Gangotri town by walk. The trek is very hard and only a few people dare to reach here, thats why the whole area is still best for nature lovers without pollution.
Tapovan drives from two word first one is ‘Tapas’ meaning pain or suffering and second is Vana meaning forest or thicket.Tapovan territory is brimming with knolls, streams and blooming plants and the glades are considered as one of the best high elevation glade in India. There is also a place named Nandanvan close Tapovan, and Nandanvan is additionally trekked by trekkers and pilgrims.Nandanvan is additionally an extensive knoll situated at the base of Bhagirathi massif.
Best season: April to June End, September to Nov
Region: Garhwal, Uttarakhand
Altitude Range: 3048mts to 4450mts
Temperature: Max: 20°C and Min: -5°C
Trekking Grade: Moderate
Total trekking: 57kms
Pin Code: 249137
Highlights of the Gaumukh Trek: Visit the sacred Gangotri Temple. Trek to the source of sacred Ganga River – Gaumukh Glacier. Camp at the foot of celebrated Himalayan peaks.
Gaumukh Tapovan Trek
Gangotri is exquisite alpine country. Deodars march in serried ranks and gorges plunge,sliced by the bustling Bhagirathi. The drive will take you past the settlement of Bhairon Ghati and into the single traffic-choked streets of Gangotri. Here the river is joined by its tributary, the Kedar Ganga, rising in the glacier lake of Kedar Tal. Together they gush down the toffee-colored rocks of Gauri Kund and flow down the Himalayas. Here too. Celebrated in Hindu mythology and religion, the Garhwal Himalayas are said to be the “Abode of the Gods”.
Best Time to Visit Gaumukh
All year around aside from the winter months of November, December and January The town encounters a quiet cool climate all around the year, inferable from its closeness to the cold structures encompassing it. In any case, the onset of winters makes the evenings turn out to be crisp and the days turn out to be very nippy too. Summers are positive for a withdraw from the singing North Indian towns. Consequently the town can be gone to at whatever time of the year with a special case of the winter months of November, December and January.
Place To Visit In Gaumukh
Gaumukh Trek : The Gaumukh trek is one of the most hard treks in Northern India.The trek to Gaumukh starts from Gangotri glacier, and 18 km from Gaumukh. The path is heavily distribute with rocks and stones from the 2013 NORTH indian inundation, walk with attention. On this path of 18th kms, 9 kms on one will face the abode of the Chir trees, known as Chirbasa. Since there are no horses or ponies available, unlike other treks, make sure to pack yourself well with resources strong enough to last you the whole trek. 4 kms on, is the trek of Bhujbhasa, which is also one of the pit stops for the regular trekkers. The Lalbaba and Rambaba ashrams, as well as the government run GMVN Bungalow are the accomodation options available for the pitstop. After reaching Gomukh, trekkers usually follow-up with a 3 km trek to Tapovan as well.
Activities in Gaumukh & Tapovan
Gangotri-Gaumukh Tapovan trekking : Gangotri-Gaumukh Tapovan trekking is a popular trek in Uttrakhand state of India. Place the base of the Gangotri glacier, Gaumukh also called as Cow’s snout is a source of holy river Ganga.On the other hand, Tapovan is situate above the Gangotri glacier. This trek will pass traveller through glaciers. Therefore, it is certainly one of the great treks best meant for adventure enthusiasts from across the globe.
How To Reach Gaumukh Tapovan
By Air : Jolly Grant is the nearest airport. It is a domestic air port and is 22km southeast of Dehradun. Gaumukh is 658 km from Jolly Grant airport.
By Train : The closest railway station is located in Haridwar at a distance of 230 km from Gangotri. This station is well connected to major cities like Delhi, Dehradun, and Allahabad by frequent trains.
By Bus : Haridwar is the nearest bus stop go to Gaumukh. The Distance beetwen Gaumukh and haridwar bus stop is 230km. Bus is easly available.
Char Dham Yatra and Gaumukh
Many pilgrimages and foreign travellers do the trek of Gaumukh (Glacier) from Gangotri during their Char Dham Yatra. It is the snout of the Gangotri Glacier. Around the snout, nature presents a wild topography. There are bolders scattered here and there with some pieces of broken snow, along with the hard clayey snow of the glacier. You can see many snow clad peaks from this point and this breathtaking view is also a reason why many people take the difficult trek to the place.
The terminus of the Gangotri Glacier is said to resemble a cow’s mouth, and the place is called Gomukh or Gaumukh (gou, cow + mukh, face). Gomukh, which is about 18 km from the town of Gomukh is mentioned in the Puranas. It is said there that searching a lost sheep a shepherd boy reached near a glacier in Gangotri, the snout of which exactly looked like the mouth of a cow, and thus it got its name ‘Gomukh’. From then many saints, holy travellers, as well as religious people went there to worship the place.
Gangotri, is the precise source of the Bhagirathi river, an important tributary of the Ganges. The river is one of the main tributaries of the River Ganga and the entire place is extreme scenic and breathtaking. Gaumukh lies near the Tapovan meadow.
The Gangotri glacier is a traditional Hindu pilgrimage site. Devout Hindus consider bathing in the icy waters near Gangotri town to be a holy ritual, and many make the trek to Gomukh and Tapovan.
Important Information about Trekking
Limited number of people are allowed to visit Gaumukh per day. The Bharals are found above the altitude of 10,000 ft. Only 4 km from here is Bhujbasa, the only night halting place on the way. One can stay at the GMVN Bunglow, or at the Lalbaba’s Ashram or at Ram Baba’s ashram; both ashram charge Rs 300/- for a day that includes lodging and food. After trekking 41/2km from Bhujbasa, one reaches Gomukh, the snout of the Gangotri Glacier. A little before Gomukh, the majestic view of Mt. Shivling welcomes the trekkers to the place. The trek beyond Goumukh is quite difficult. Crossing the glacier & going towards Tapovan is become quite dangerous nowadays (because of the landslides).
No plastic bags, bottles etc. are allowed to be taken beyond this point. On the trail no horses are allowed, so one must take preparations to walk on foot. The trek to Tapovanan and Nandanvan starts from here.
Note: One can carry these items after making a security deposit, deposited in this gate office.
• Carry some Chocolates (or other calorie-rich food items) along with other food, water and juices.
• It will be helpful if one walks 4-5 kms everyday for 3-4 weeks prior to this trip.
• Do not return to the base (Gangotri) on the same day. Stay at Bhojwasa (the only place one can stay in the whole route). Otherwise it will be very hectic.
• Take your usual medicines with you, apart from those that may be required in high altitudes.
• Carry Photo Identity Cards and photocopies of the same as that will be required for permission from the forest department.
Gomukh, also known as “Gaumukh” or “Gomukhi” (Hindi: गौमुख or गौमुखी ; Assamese and Bengali: গোমুখ or গোমুখী), is the terminus or snout of the Gangotri Glacier and the source of the Bhagirathi River, one of the primary headstreams of the Ganges River. The place is situated at a height of 13,200 ft (4,023 m) in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is one of the largest in the Himalayas with an estimated volume of over 27 cubic kilometers. It is a popular Hindu pilgrimage site, along with Gangotri, as well as trekking destination.  On 26 July 2016, following heavy rains in Uttarakhand, it was reported that the front end of Gomukh was no more, as a large chunk of the glacier had collapsed and was washed away. In 2013, due to cloud burst in Uttarakhand, huge cracks had emerged on the glacier.
The word “Gomukh/Gaumukh” (go/gau=cow, mukh= mouth) literally means “Mouth of a Cow.” According to some sayings, earlier the snout exactly looked like the “Mouth of a Cow.”[/bg_collapse]